The Shroud of Turin
The Shroud of Turin is the burial cloth of Jesus Christ. It is worth noting that the scientist Ray Rodgers, who initially claimed the shroud a forgery was also the one that, after further research, proclaimed it the authentic burial shroud of Christ.
Here are a simplified explanation and history of the shroud.
- 14'3" x 3'7" fine linen with a three over one herringbone pattern. the pattern was consistent with the technology of the time and was used by the wealthy i.e. Joseph of Arimathea.
- The stitching pattern has never been found in medieval Europe.
- In 1532 the shroud was damaged in a fire in Chambery, France. the metal encasement used as its storage melted onto the cloth.
- The shroud moved to Turin in 1578, where it still remains.
The Medical Witness
- The blood on the shroud is human male blood, AB (found in only 3% of the population.)
- A high concentration of bilirubin found consistent with someone dying under great stress and trauma.
- It is covered with creatinine nanoparticles, also an indication of severe trauma, due to torture.
- There is no dye or paint involved, the iron oxide (blood product) is several hundred nanometers smaller than dye or paint particles.
- all the pigmentation on the shroud is from blood, bilirubin and other serums caused by extreme and violent torture of an individual.
- Numerous medical examiners studied the Biblical account of the crucifixion, Roman weapons of the time and the wounds depicted on the shroud, here's what they found:
- The New Testament regarding the Passion clearly match the wounds depicted on the shroud.
- The scourge marks on the shoulders, back, and legs match the flagrum-Roman whip.
- The wound on Jesus's side matches the Roman Hasta- spear of the time.
- 7" iron spikes were used to go through the wrist
- The blood pattern from the crown of thorns is nowhere else in Crucifixion literature.
- The burial is consistent with all ancient Jewish burial customs.
- The Cave-Tombs were carved out into the sides of limestone hills and there is the presence of limestone dust on the shroud.
- There is the presence of dirt particles on the nose, left knee, and heel (which lines up to Jesus falling)
- Traces of aloe and myrrh are also on the cloth, as is consistent with ancient Jewish burial customs.
The Shrouds Sister Cloth/Sudarium Christi
- Located in the Cathedral of Oviedo in northern Spain.
- It is the face cloth of Christ as mentioned in John 20:7
- A poorer quality cloth
- No image like the shroud, it does have serum stains from pulmonary edema that match the serum patterns on the shroud.
- The blood type on the face cloth is also AB.
- The 590 AD book Ecclesiastical History, Scholasticus wrote that the people of Edessa believed an image of divine origin (not made by human hands) allowed them to repulse the Persian King Chosroes by destroying the siege mound when he attacked them in 536AD.
- A monk named Metaphrastes wrote the Chronicle in 944 reporting that when Constantine viewed the image he described it as a faint image," like a moist secretion without pigment or the painter's art."
- The image on the shroud is on the topmost layer and is only .000028 inches in saturation and 1/30th the diameter of an individual fiber.
- Five years of using state of the art lasers to train short burst of UV light on raw linen have not been able to reproduce the image.
- The UV light necessary to make the image does not exist with our current scientific advancements. It would require pulses having durations shorter than one forty-billionth of a second and intensities on the order of several billion watts.
- Particle Physicist Dame Isabel Piczek explains that in order to get the image that is on the shroud would require an Event Horizon/ Black Hole like energy that is most likely on a scale of the creation energy of the beginning of the universe.
Footnotes for the Studies:
• Raymond N. Rogers. 20 January 2005. Studies on the radiocarbon sample from the shroud of turin. Thermochimica Acta, Vol. 425, Issue 1-2, Pages 189-194.
• 2. The Fire-Model Tests of Dr. Dmitri Kouznetsov in 1994 and Drs. John Jackson and Propp in 1998, which replicated the famous Fire of 1532, demonstrated that the fire added carbon isotopes to the linen.
• Dmitri Kouznetsov, Andrey Ivanov, Pavel Veletsky. 5 January 1996. Effects of fires and biofractionation of carbon isotopes on results of radiocarbon dating of old textiles: the Shroud of Turin. Journal of Archaeological Science, Volume 23, Issue 1, Pages 109-121. doi:10.1006/jasc.1996.0009
• Jackson, John P. and Propp, Keith. 1997. On the evidence that the radiocarbon date of the Turin Shroud was significantly affected by the 1532 fire. Actes du III Symposium Scientifique International du CIELT, Nice, France.
Ecclesiastical History, Evagrius Scholasticus (590 AD)
The Narration De Imagine Edessena (944/45 AD)
Chronicle, monk Symeon Magister Metaphrastes (944 AD)
Memoirs of the French Crusader Knight Robert de Clari
I would also implore you to look up interviews of the Particle physicist Dame Isabel Piczek.